Grossman, J. M., Tracy, A. J., Charmaraman, L., Ceder, I., & Erkut, S. (2014). Protective Effects of Middle School Comprehensive Sex Education with Family Involvement. Journal of School Health, 84, 739-747.

Erkut, S., Grossman, J. M., Frye, A. A., Ceder, I., Charmaraman, L., & Tracy, A. J. (2013). Can sex education delay early sexual debut? Journal of Early Adolescence, 33(4), 482-497.

Grossman, J. M., Frye, A., Charmaraman, L., & Erkut, S. (2013). Family homework and school-based sex education: Delaying early adolescents' sexual behavior. Journal of School Health, 83, 810-817.

Program Evaluated Get Real
Evidence of Effectiveness Yes
Study Rating and Explanation ModerateRandom assignment study that met the criteria for a moderate rating because it added sample members after random assignment; findings show a positive, statistically significant impact for at least one behavioral outcome
Review Date October 2014

Program Information

Program Type

Program Type is Sexuality education Sexuality education
Programs for special populations
Youth development

Program Length

Fewer than 10 sessions
10 to 20 sessions
Program Length is More than 20 sessions More than 20 sessions

Evaluation Setting

After school/community-based
Health clinic
Elementary school
Evaluation Setting is In-school: Middle school Middle school
High school
Multiple settings
Specialized setting

Study Sample

Average Age Group

Average Age Group is 13 or younger 13 or younger
14 to 17
18 or 19

Majority Racial/Ethnic Group

African American
Majority Racial/Ethnic Group is Latino Latino


Gender is Both genders Both genders
Female only
Male only

Research Design

Assignment Method Cluster randomized controlled trial
Sample Size 2,453
Number of Follow-Ups 2
Length of Last Follow-Up 0

Study Findings

Sexual Initiation/Abstinence +
Recent Sexual Activity Not measured
Number of Sexual Partners Not measured
Frequency of Sexual Activity Not measured
Contraceptive Use and/or Consistency Not measured
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) or HIV Not measured
Pregnancy or Birth Not measured