Lesser, J., Koniak-Griffin, D., Huang, R., Takayanagi, S., & Cumberland, W. G. (2009). Parental protectiveness and unprotected sexual activity among Latino adolesent mothers and fathers. AIDS Education & Prevention, 21, 88-102.

Koniak-Griffin, D., Lesser, J., Takayanagi, S., & Cumberland, W. G. (2011). Couple-focused human immunodeficiency virus prevention for young Latino parents: Randomized clinical trial of efficacy and sustainability. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 165(4), 306-312.

Program Evaluated Respeto/Proteger
Evidence of Effectiveness Yes
Study Rating and Explanation ModerateRandom assignment study with high attrition that that did not meet the criteria for a high rating but met all criteria for a moderate rating; findings show a positive, statistically significant impact for at least one behavioral outcome
Review Date April 2012

Program Information

Program Type

Sexuality education
Program Type is Programs for special populations Programs for special populations
Youth development

Program Length

Program Length is Fewer than 10 sessions Fewer than 10 sessions
10 to 20 sessions
More than 20 sessions

Evaluation Setting

Evaluation Setting is Afterschool/community-based After school/community-based
Health clinic
Elementary school
Middle school
High school
Multiple settings
Specialized setting

Study Sample

Average Age Group

13 or younger
14 to 17
Average Age Group is 18 to 19 18 or 19

Majority Racial/Ethnic Group

African American
Majority Racial/Ethnic Group is Latino Latino


Gender is Both genders Both genders
Female only
Male only
Latino parents

Research Design

Assignment Method Cluster randomized controlled trial
Sample Size 336
Number of Follow-Ups 3
Length of Last Follow-Up 0

Study Findings

Sexual Initiation/Abstinence Not measured
Recent Sexual Activity Not measured
Number of Sexual Partners Not measured
Frequency of Sexual Activity Not measured
Contraceptive Use and/or Consistency Mix of positive, null, and/or adverse impacts
Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) or HIV Not measured
Pregnancy or Birth Not measured